3 products

3 products

Introduction to Crocheting 

Crochet is a French word meaning ‘hook’. As the tool used to make the textile uses hooks similar to knitting needles, but with a curved end resembling a hook. Crochet needles are sometimes called Shepherds' hooks and are generally made of steel, wood, plastic, and in the past even ivory. The process is simply interlocking loops of yarn or thread to create fabric. Unlike knitting where many stitches are kept open at a time, in crochet the stitch is completed before the next one begins. 

The exact origins of crochet are debatable, but most would say that it originated from France. Especially due to the naming of the artform that derived from the hook-like tool and also since it was used in French lacemaking (17th century) that describe a specific type of textile technique. 


Like the varied usage of the metric system to imperial from US and UK or Europe, in crochet too there are different terminologies or standards used to define hook size or stitches.  

Hook sizes: 

UK Size

US Size

2.25 - 3.5mm 

B-1 to E-4 

3.5 - 4.5mm 

E-4 to 7 

4.5 - 5.5mm 

7 to I-9 

5.5 - 6.5mm 

I-9 to K-10 1⁄2 

6.5 - 9mm 

K-10 1⁄2 to M-13 

9mm and up 

M-13 and up 

There are six types of basic stitches that are practiced globally.  

  1. Chain stitch 
  2. Slip stitch 
  3. Single stitch (double stitch UK) 
  4. Half-double stitch (half treble stitch UK) 
  5. Double stitch (treble stitch UK) 
  6. Treble stitch (double treble stitch UK)  

Although more advanced crocheting stitches are also used, the concept is the same of covering a set distance horizontally by mixing up stitch combinations. So, the results of the fabric will differ in thickness or height.  

Another notation used in pattern reading that is different from British and American standards is tension (UK) and gauge (US). Like knitting, crochet too can be worked on using written patterns. These patterns act as guides or instructions where the stitch and placements are written to be followed. The measurement of the stitches needs to be done at the beginning to avoid inconsistency in the fabric. This can be done by starting on a pattern and making a small test reference called a swatch.  

Ranges in Single Crochet to 4 inches 

Crochet Gauge

21–32 sts

16–20 sts

12–17 sts

11–14 sts

8–11 sts

5–9 sts

Yarn selection 

Selecting the right yarn is equally important as selecting the correct hook or pattern. Determining the tension or gauge for a specific pattern is directly connected to the thickness of the yarn. The thicker the yarn the fewer the stitches and larger/ thicker hooks. Similarly, the thinner the yarn the more the stitches but can use both thick and thin hooks. Projects that use thicker yarn take less time to complete compared to thinner yarn. 

Work done with thick yarn produces a more crude or rough effect, whereas thinner yarns give a more refined or delicate texture. The standard categories that yarns usually fall under are superfine, fine, light, medium, bulky, and super bulky. This is nothing but illustrating the thickness and is measured by the number of wraps per inch (WPI). 

Before starting any project crocheters (crocheters in French) need to look for the yardage and gauge of yarns, which will determine the final texture of the fabric. Even if patterns and yarn types are interchanged. Since the yards or working length of all yarn vary, it is important to know and calculate beforehand to ensure sufficient yarn for the project. 

Yarn weight is determined by the following gauges. 

Yarn Weight Symbol

Category Name

Types of Yarns


Super Fine

Sock Fingering Baby 



Sport Baby 



DK Light Worsted 



Worsted Afghan Aran 



Chunky Craft Rug 


Super Bulky

Bulky Roving 

About Muezart Crocheting Yarn 

Our 100% Eri silk yarn is great for crocheting and knitting hand-made lace clothes.  

The 15/3 yarn weight has a great texture almost with the look of handspun gives a great effect on the fabric. 

This yarn is slightly thinner than fingering yarn but the slubbiness of this yarn makes a great texture for knitting and crocheting socks, a lace shawl, or even a beanie and more hand-made clothes. 

Our DK ply yarn is spun directly from our Eri silk cocoon sheets. It's soft, delicate on the skin, pleasing to look at, just a winner all around, from texture to beauty, and sustainably sourced from our artisans.     

Eri Silk is known for its special properties withs its low conductivity and thermal properties making it an all-weather yarn. So, whether you’re looking for a summer yarn or winter yarn Eri Silk can play both characters.  

All Our silk yarns are naturally dyed using plant-based ingredients only.  

Benefits  Of Crocheting

  • Crocheting helps with insomnia 
  • Crocheting reduces stress and anxiety 
  • Crocheting helps ease or relieve depression 
  • Crocheting reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s 
  • Crochet builds your self-esteem 
  • Crocheting acts as a form of group therapy 
  • Crocheting puts you in control 

Source: AllFreeCrochet